OTRANTO

OTRANTO, town in Apulia, S. Italy. Tombstone inscriptions dating from the third century onward are proof of the existence of an early Jewish settlement in Otranto. The josippon chronicle (10th century) states that Titus settled a number of Jewish prisoners from Ereẓ Israel in the town. In the Middle Ages Otranto became one of the most prosperous Jewish centers in southern Italy. At the time of the forced conversion under the Byzantine emperor romanus i lecapenus , one communal leader committed suicide, one was strangled, and one died in prison. When Benjamin of tudela visited Otranto in about 1159, he found about 500 Jews there. It was considered one of the most important rabbinical centers in Europe. In the Sefer ha-Yashar, jacob tam (12th century) quotes an old saying parodying Isaiah 2:3: "For out of Bari shall go forth the Law and the word of the Lord from Otranto." When the Turks besieged Otranto in 1481, the Jews contributed 3,000 ducats for the defense of the town. In 1510, with their expulsion from the kingdom of naples , the Jews had to leave Otranto. A number of them settled in Salonika, where they founded their own synagogue. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Dark Ages, index; Frey, Corpus, 1 (1936), no. 632; Milano, Bibliotheca, index; Milano, Italia, index; N. Ferorelli, Ebrei nell' Italia meridionale… (1915); Cassuto, in: Giornale della società asiatica italiana, 29 (1921), 97ff. (Ariel Toaff)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Otranto — • An archdiocese and city in Apulia, southern Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Otranto     Otranto     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Otranto — Otranto,   Hafenstadt in Apulien, Provinz Lecce, Italien, 15 m über dem Meeresspiegel, auf der Salentinischen Halbinsel, 5 200 Einwohner; an der 70 km breiten Straße von Otranto gelegen; Erzbischofssitz.   Stadtbild …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Otranto — (Отранто,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Via Punta 2, 73028 Отранто, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Otránto [1] — Otránto (das römische Hydruntum, griech. Hydrus), Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Lecce (früher Terra d O. genannt), 5 km nördlich vom Kap von O., dem vorgeschobensten Punkt Italiens gegenüber der albanesischen Küste, an der 72 km… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Otranto [1] — Otranto, 1) (Terra d O. od. Lecce), Provinz in Neapel, einen Theil Apuliens ausmachend; bildet eine breite Landzunge zwischen dem Busen von Tarent u. dem Adriatischen Meere; grenzt landwärts an die Provinzen Terra di Bari u. Basilicata; 135,96 QM …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Otranto [2] — Otranto, Herzog von, s. Fouché …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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